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There is perhaps no other man more reviled in modern history than Adolf Hitler. His opinions, beliefs and vision brought the entire world to the brink of war then pushed it over. The atrocities committed due to his ideals are among the most horrendous mankind has ever known that resulted in death and destruction. World War II along with the Holocaust needs to be remembered out of respect for the dead as well as to educate future generations that it happened and possibly could happen again. Nobody will ever be able to pinpoint what it was exactly that drove him to such extremes but it is crucial to examine all elements of his upbringing, formative years and adulthood in order to try to comprehend what factors combined to make him such a hateful as well as villainous man.

15)  Hitler Was Raised in an Authoritarian Household
Adolf Hitler's father was an Austrian customs official and a very strict hot tempered man. Adolf subsequently grew much closer to his mother because of how unpredictable and prone to rages his father was but she had a tendency to overindulge him. Unfortunately, Adolf acquired many of the same personality traits of his father while growing up and it was inevitable that arguments sprung up often between the two. Father and son clashed over issues, such as:  Adolf's interest in art and his father's stark disapproval. As a result, the boy became discontented and overly moody. That discontent haunted Adolf Hitler for the rest of his life and was a fundamental part of the ideological foundations he established. These ideologies later went on to fuel his anti-Semitic furor and extreme notions about keeping the Nordic race pure.

14)  At One Point, Adolf Hitler Had Artistic Ambitions
According to the book "Hitler: A Study in Tyrannyclip_image003", Adolf moved to Vienna in 1905. While living there he adopted a Bohemian style of living and was supported almost entirely by his mother along with orphan's benefits. He attempted to pursue further education in the area of study that appealed to him most, which was that of art. When painting landscapes and buildings he had a traditionalist style. His ambitions to further his artistic skill resulted in his applying to Vienna's Academy of Art. He was rejected twice by the academy, once in 1907 and then again in 1908 due to his "unfitness for painting". Despite this failure, Hitler chose to remain in Vienna and supplemented his income. Most of his funds were given to him by his family and sometimes he sold his paintings to art dealers, were a majority were Jewish.

It was during Hitler's time living in Vienna that he was exposed to rampant anti-Semitism because local Viennese politics were rife with commentary that was anti-Semitic in nature. It was common to hear people blaming Jewish people for any and every type of obstacle or misfortune a non-Jewish person encountered. While it is unknown specifically if this exposure is what ignited Hitler's own anti-Semitic agenda, it is considered to be highly likely.

13)  The Moustache Was More Than Just Facial Hair
When one hears the name of Adolf Hitler, the countenance that comes to mind is that of a stern face with a short clipped moustache decorating the expanse of skin just beneath the nose. He was pressured to remove the moustache at various points throughout his political career but steadfastly resisted every time, stating that even if it wasn't in fashion at the time it would become so at a later date simply because he wore it.

The origin of Hitler's moustache has become the point of numerous debates where some speculate that it arose out of practical considerations, mainly being a result of military regulations. In order to ensure his gas mask fit properly with a complete seal, he would have had to trim his facial hair to a more severe style. It is speculated by others that the moustache was a result of Hitler's admiration of Charlie Chaplin. Another likely consideration is that the particular style of moustache was fairly commonplace in the region of Austria where Hitler spent his childhood.

The most valid suggestion is that Hitler recognized that his moustache served as a stark visual aid. Regardless of whether this theory is true, it is certainly the one that has left a legacy. The "toothbrush" moustache became synonymous with racial persecution, anti-Semitism, fascism and oppression all over the world.

12)  Some of Hitler's Earliest Most Potent Adversaries Were Journalists and a Newspaper

Dr. Fritz Gerlich was a native of Munich and he was a staunch German nationalist, he became even more passionate about this stance after Germany's defeat in 1918. According to "The Holocaust Chronicleclip_image003[1]," Gerlich became a political journalist and the editor of a highly conservative Munich newspaper. In 1923 Gerlich received a visit from a man several years younger than himself, who was highly controversial and the leader of the right wing National Socialist German Worker's Party. Adolf Hitler assumed that because Gerlich shared similar interests that they might become allies.

However, the very opposite occurred when Gerlich went on to become one of the most dedicated, passionate as well as persistent opposers of Hitler and his Nazi regime. The reason for this opposition is unclear to historians but it is assumed to have arisen over an assurance Hitler made concerning Gustav von Kahr, the governor of Bavaria, whom Gerlich supported. During an event known as the Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler attempted to wrest power from von Kahr. This failed coup and Hitler's rash behavior during it is speculated to have been the birthplace of Gerlich's opposition.

Gerlich quickly became a marked man in the eyes of Hitler and the Nazis. He had recognized earlier than most that at the core of Hitler's personality laid a treacherous, deceptive and ruthless man. Gerlich made the decision to use his journalistic skills in any manner he could to expose Hitler for what he truly was and in his desire to do so Gerlich was not alone. There were a number of other journalists that were just as dedicated to exposing the truth behind the Nazis and their leader, many of these people worked for the Munich Post. These journalists used investigative journalism coupled with sensationalist tabloid headlining to expose the Nazis as scandal mongers, vicious men and murderous louts who focused only on furthering their racist anti-Semitic causes. The Munich Post battled against Hitler for 12 years but in the end the journalists were either incarcerated or killed.

11)  Hitler Fought in World War I
Hitler was living in Munich during the onset of the First World War, so he volunteered to fight with the Bavarian Army even though he was an Austrian citizen. He was subsequently assigned to the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment and was sent to the Western Front, which was in both France and Belgium. Hitler served as a dispatch runner and spent a large amount of his time there behind the front lines. There was notable battles that he was present for, such as:  the Battle at Passchendaele and the Battle of the Somme, were he was wounded in the latter. He was hit either in the thigh or groin area by an exploding shell at Somme, it took him two months to recuperate fully. Months after his return to his regiment, he was blinded temporarily by a mustard gas attack and it was while he was hospitalized due to this injury that he learned of Germany's defeat.

Hitler's participation in the war served his passionate German patriotism and Germany's defeat gave rise to feelings of strong bitterness within him. During this time, in his own words, his political anti-Semitic and warlike ideologies began to take form.

10)  Hitler was a Powerfully Adept Public Speaker
During the first stages of his political career, Hitler gave many speeches at beer halls and he was so skilled at public speaking that he developed regular audiences. His speeches were effective at garnering favor because he spoke about topics that resonated with the listeners, he often invoked the concept of scapegoats into his speeches that gave the listeners someone to blame for their problems. His passion and ability to capture the audience was well noted by several different historians, like the historically renowned psychiatrist Carl Jung. Carl Jung commented to journalist H.R. Knickerbocker on Hitler's ability to enthral and mesmerize listeners during his speeches, which was stated in Knickerbocker's publication "Is Tomorrow Hitler's? 200 Questions on the Battle of Mankind."

Hitler's personal magnetism and his ability to read the crowd gave him a powerful advantage when speaking in public because he was often able to invoke national pride within people at a level that bordered on frenzy. His oratorical prowess served him well in the early days of his political career, drumming up patriotism and adroitly directing any feelings of negative sentiment toward his own chosen scapegoats, the Jewish people.

9)  Hitler Participated in a Failed Revolution
Unhappy with the current political situation and power structure in Munich, Hitler and a number of his associates planned to stage a coup through which they could wrest control of the city. Beer halls at that time were popular places for people to congregate at night, drink beer and engage in any manner of conversation. Hitler's adversary, Gustav von Kahr, was making a speech one night to approximately 3000 people at a beer hall in Munich. It was at this beer hall that Hitler and a large number of the Sturmabteilung, also known as the SA or Brownshirts,  marched with the grand intent of seizing power.

With the might of 600 SA behind him, Hitler entered the beer hall and declared that nobody present could leave. He then announced the dissolution of the Bavarian government and the formation of a new one. Due to a number of tactical errors, unpredictable reactions and indecisions, the coup ultimately failed. The end result was that Hitler was both injured, arrested and a number of other people were tragically killed during that night of chaos; this failed revolution became known as the "Beer Hall Putsch".

8)  Hitler Spent Only a Year in Prison
Hitler was arrested on November 11, 1923 because the treason trial against him following the events of the Beer Hall Putsch received national attention. It subsequently became an amplifier for Hitler's propaganda, he accepted all responsibility for his transgressions and claimed that the real criminals were those that had signed the Versailles Peace Treaty at the end of the First World War. After the trial, he was sentenced to five years imprisonment at the Landsberg Prison but he received preferential treatment from the prison staff. Indulgences granted to him during this time included mail deliveries, frequent visitations from other members of his political party and wealthy benefactors. Ultimately, a pardon was issued by the Bavarian Supreme Court and Hitler was released from prison on December 20, 1924 after just spending a little over a year imprisoned.

7)  Hitler Wrote a Book Describing His Struggle
Hitler constructed the first drafts of his manifesto, "Mein Kampf (My Stuggle)" during his time in Landsberg and dictated the first volume of the autobiographical book to his fellow Nazi, Rudolf Hess. The original title of the book was somewhat long winded, "Four and a Half Years of Struggle Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice, and it is believed that Hitler's publisher advocated the shorter title of "Mein Kampf."

The book itself was released in two largely anti-Semitic in nature volumes that frequently described "the Jewish Peril", suggesting there was a huge worldwide Jewish conspiracy to gain global control. The narrative of the book describes the reasons and process behind the creation of his ideals as well as how they became increasingly anti-Semitic. In a turn that thoroughly confounded many historians, Hitler described his first encounters with a Jew in an astoundingly tolerant tone. In fact, in "Mein Kampf" he spoke of dismissing all anti-Semitic press and politics entirely when first being exposed. Subsequently, the exact point in time when Hitler began to embrace radical anti-Semitism still remains something of a mystery.

"Mein Kampf" was originally meant to be reading material for those that subscribed to Nationalist Socialism but the book grew in popularity beyond expectations. After Hitler rose to power, it experienced an explosion of popularity. Copies of the book were given to every soldier positioned to fight at the front lines and to every newly married couple while Hitler held power.

6)  Hitler Pursued Recognition from the Vatican
Hitler was by all accounts an intelligent man and recognized the potential value of official Vatican recognition of his authority, it would be useful both at home as well as abroad. He counted on the fact that the Roman Catholic Church would be willing to give him that recognition in order to safeguard the status of the church in Germany and subsequent occupied countries. In July of 1933 a covenant between the German Reich and the Holy See was officially signed, sealed as well as recognized by both Germany along with Church officials. The covenant assured the protection and legal status of the Roman Catholic Church along with all affiliate organizations in Germany but only if they remained dedicated solely to religious activities.

This covenant was not a boon for Germany's Jewish population, Hitler considered the covenant to be a useful tool for the Reich against the Jews. However, the covenant could not protect Catholics against Hitler's duplicitous nature and despite the official recognition of Hitler's authority by the Vatican, the Nazis continued with anti-Catholic activities. Nuns along with priests were arrested, parochial schools were routinely harassed and monasteries as well as convents were closed.

5)  Hitler Had a Less than Pleasant Relationship with His Niece

 

17 year old Angela Marie "Geli" Raubal was a half niece to Adolf Hitler and she became Hitler's housekeeper in 1925 after she moved in with her mother when her father died.  When she decided to study medicine, Geli moved into Hitler's apartment in Munich to be closer to the school.

Hitler became possessive of Raubal during the accumulation of his power and very domineering. When it came to light that Raubal was having an affair with his driver, he forced her to end the relationship and terminated the man’s employment. Raubal  from that point on was not permitted to do anything, such as: associate with friends on her own, venture out to the movies, go shopping, make any sort of outing without Hitler or someone he appointed to accompany her at all times.

Raubal had become a prisoner at the age of 23 but harbored plans to escape to Vienna. Her longing to do so was the cause of an argument between herself and Hitler. He had to leave for a meeting in Nuremberg but returned to Munich quickly thereafter. It was then that Raubal was found dead from a gunshot wound to the head, she had shot herself with Hitler's own gun. Rumors began immediately concerning sexual and physical abuse, there was even the idea that she may have been murdered. Police ruled the death as a suicide but Raubal's death reportedly devastated Hitler, who succumbed to an intense depression and later stated that Raubal had been the only woman he had ever loved.

4)  Hitler Nearly Lost His Life to an Assassination Attempt
Hitler's unscrupulous behavior and incompetency during the Second World War led to certain important military officials deciding that he was an internal threat that needed to be neutralized.  In an attempt to kill Hitler, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg  detonated a bomb while in close proximity to him on July 20, 1944. The blast failed to kill Adolf but burned him and caused damage to his right arm as well as his eardrums. As expected, the failed assassination attempt led to swift and vicious retaliation.

All those found to have participated in the coup attempt where arrested and executed in a number of different horrible ways that were filmed for Hitler. The repercussions of this failed coup were vast and brutal with nearly 7,000 individuals arrested by the Gestapo, nearly 200 of those were executed for treason.

3)  Hitler's Mistress Attempted Suicide
Eva Braun, Hitler's long time mistress and eventual wife, had a relationship with the Nazi leader that was by all accounts rocky at times. As recounted in "Inside the Third Reich," Hitler wished to present a public image of himself as a hero both chaste and pure. For that reason he could not marry and they could never appear together in public as a couple because it would diminish that heroic appeal . During the early stages of her relationship with Adolf Hitler, Braun attempted to commit suicide twice and it is speculated among historians that her reasons for doing so were to secure his attention. For her first attempt, she shot herself in the chest with the pistol that belonged to her father and her second attempt was by an intended overdose of sleeping pills because Hitler failed to make time to be with her.

2)  Hitler Married Braun the Day Before They Committed Suicide
With Germany on the verge of defeat and the Allied powers closing in, Hitler chose to do what he wouldn't for years for fear on how it would affect his image. He married Eva Braun in a small civil ceremony within his bunker as the Red Army marched steadily closer to their location. The afternoon after, Hitler and his new wife bid goodbye to the members of Hitler's inner circle and the staff. Gunshots were reported to have been heard not long after, the corpses of Hitler and Braun were found on a sofa within a study as described in "With Hitler to the End: The Memoir of Hitler's Valet". Hitler had shot himself in the temple with his gun and Braun had bitten into a cyanide capsule, their bodies were taken out of the bunker to a garden nearby where they were burned then later on found by the Russians.

1)  Hitler's Legacy Still Exists
It's an extremely unfortunate fact that Hitler's legacy still exists today and not just in echoes. The profound reverberations of his actions, his orders and his racist ideals can still be felt as shocking tremors even in this current time. Hitler stands as one of the most obvious and infamous historical representatives of immorality. He's also become the embodiment of rampant racism, ruination and atrocities. Many historians agree that Adolf Hitler is one of the most accurate personifications of true evil because of the beyond belief war crimes that were committed under his lead.

Final Words
It is paramount that all current as well as future generations are aware of and acknowledge the terrible wrongs that were committed for the duration of World War Two. It will always be important to recognize Hitler's role in the war and in the Holocaust, despite Adolf Hitler being one of the most reviled as well as hated of all historical figures. By knowing how Hitler thought and what drove him, steps can be taken to ensure that another of his caliber is never again permitted to rise to power.

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Albert Einstein is probably the best known scientist of the twentieth century and was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, a part of the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire. His father was a salesman and an engineer, while his mother was a musician at the time of his birth. The family moved to Munich in 1880 when Einstein was only a year old and they were non-observant Jews; this would later have a profound effect on his life. Despite their Judaism, he attended a Catholic elementary school for three years beginning when he was five. He then transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium, which has since been renamed the Albert Einstein Gymnasium in order to honor its most famous student. Though he didn’t like the school, it helped form the basis for all his future accomplishments. These accomplishments included:  the mass-energy equivalence, the theory of relativity and brownian motion.

15)  Einstein Left School when He Was Fifteen
Einstein was born in 1879 and left school in 1894 when he was fifteen. He didn’t attend school for a year, despite his love of science, math, music and playing the violin that he learned how to play as a child. The reason for him dropping out of school was his family left Munich, Germany, in 1894 due to their business failing. Einstein's family owned a company that made electrical equipment that used direct current,  it went out of business in 1894 because alternating current became the prevalent source of electricity. His parents moved to Milan, Italy in an attempt to find a business opportunity then they moved to Pavia, Italy shortly after. Albert stayed in Munich to try to finish his schooling because he wanted to study electrical engineering but he resented the authorities, regime and teaching methods of the Luitpold Gymnasium, which he attended. He used a doctor’s note to convince the school to let him leave in December of 1894 then left Munich and traveled to Pavia to be with his family. A year later he attended the Aargau Cantonal School, so he could complete his secondary education and be more qualified for a university education.

14)  Einstein Failed His First Admittance Exams for a University
Einstein took the entrance exams for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic, which was later renamed to Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH), in 1895 when he was sixteen, according to Albert Einstein: A Biography by Albrecht Fölsingclip_image002. He excelled in mathematics and physics but failed in most of the other subjects, his worst scores were in French.  Albert returned to his secondary education because the principal of the Polytechnic suggested he go to the Aargau Cantonal School to finish it. He sat for the Swiss Matura in 1896, which was the secondary school exit exam, when he was seventeen. He scored much better than he had on the entrance exams for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic; on a scale of one to six, he scored a six in mathematical subjects and physics. His other scores were good as well and those scores allowed him to enroll at the Zurich Polytechnic. He studied for a four year physics and mathematics teaching diploma program while at Zurich Polytechnic, he was still just seventeen when he enrolled. He received his teaching diploma from Zurich Polytechnic in 1900 when he was twenty one, younger than most of his program cohorts.

13)  Einstein Worked in the Swiss Patent Office, Which Allowed Him Time to Come Up with Vital Thought Experiments
Einstein became a Swiss citizen in 1901 and accepted a position in the Swiss Federal Office for Intellectual Property, which was the Swiss Patent Office, as a technical assistant.  He became a permanent employee in 1903 and gained the position of examining patent applications regarding electromagnetic devices, this position was well within Einstein’s capabilities. While working there, he came up with many of his thought experiments thanks to the fact that the patents he evaluated related to transmissions of electric signals as well as electrical-mechanical synchronization of time. His thought experiments led to his theories on the connection between space and time as well as his conclusions about the nature of light. Einstein's work at the  Federal Office for Intellectual Property led to many important theories and experiments in physics, photons, energy quanta, wave-particle duality as well as his theory of wave particle duality. One of his important works includes the mass-energy equivalence of the famous E = mc^2 that proves how energy and mass are related, we wouldn’t have had this important physics equation without his patent office work.

12)  Einstein Married Twice and Was Very Bad at Monogamy
Einstein famously said to Dr. Eugenie Anderman, “You must be aware that most men (and also not only a few women) are by nature not monogamous. This nature makes itself even more forceful when tradition and circumstance stand in an individual’s way” in 1953.

Einstein met his first wife, Mileva Maric, when he attended the Zurich Polytechnic and she was the only woman in their course. The two struck up a friendship and studied extracurricular physics together, something that contributed greatly to Einstein’s future formulas and theories. In early 1902, Maric bore a daughter whose fate is unknown. Maric and Einstein married in January of 1903 and had two sons. Einstein moved to Berlin in 1914, while Maric and their sons remained in Zurich; they divorced in February of 1919.

Einstein married Elsa Löwenthal four months later, who was his first cousin on his mother’s side and his second cousin on his father’s side. They were in a relationship that began in 1912, while Einstein was still married to his first wife. Elsa had two daughters from her first marriage that Einstein raised as his own and the couple remained married until Elsa’s death in December of 1936.

11)  A Compass Was Einstein’s First Inspiration to Get into Physics
Einstein liked to tell a story about when he was five years old and sick in bed how his father brought him a magnetic compass that was the first he’d ever seen. He was fascinated by the fact that the needle always pointed north, pulled by an invisible force. No matter how he twisted, shook or pointed it, the needle pointed in the same direction. It convinced him there had to be something hidden, something that worked behind things. It told him, even though he was a young child, that there was more to the world than could possibly meet his eye; this stimulated his interest in science and learning.

Einstein's uncle, who was an engineer, would come to his house and he would be part of the adult discussions. Since his father and uncle ran an electrical equipment company, he was introduced to concepts of electrical engineering. Once a week his family would have a medical student over for dinner and Einstein would participate in those discussions as well. Then at the age of twelve he came across a book on Euclidian geometry and it left a deep powerful impression that fueled his desire to learn.

10)  Einstein Had Incredible Patience
Einstein would build card towers and plenty of children did the same. The difference was that most children would reach just four stories before the cards fell, Einstein would reach fourteen. It amazed his younger sister to watch him but he would say later, “It’s not that I’m so smart, it’s just that I stay with problems longer”.

This patience followed him into his studies and expertise in mathematics as well as physics. He always looked for simple solutions, believing, “When the solution is simple, God is answering”. His expressions of principles in mathematical equations may be difficult for most people to comprehend but Einstein had the patience to reduce the most complicated concepts into something he could explain to anyone. This proved fortunate when he came up with general and special relativity as well as his mass-energy equivalence concept because he had to explain in simpler terms to other physicists at first in order to convey the evidence that supported it as well as its great implications. He also needed patience to finish his doctorate and publish five articles at the same time, proving he had patience.

9)  Einstein Had a Great Love of Music
Einstein was a talented violinist with a lifelong passion for music and he once said that he would have been a musician had he not been a scientist. His mother was a talented pianist and he began to learn to play the violin when he was six. At thirteen he discovered Mozart’s violin sonatas, he had no lessons after that point but he dedicated himself to playing the violin well nonetheless. In 1895 he moved to Aarau, Switzerland to finish his secondary education and he devoted himself to learning to play the Brahms G-major violin sonata. A great violinist of the day, Joseph Joachim, was visiting Aarau and the sonata that Einstein was playing was on his program. When he took a musical exam at the Aargau Cantonal School, playing an adagio from a Beethoven sonata, the inspector said Einstein “shone in a deeply felt performance”. He could also play the piano and loved to improvise musically. According to his second wife, Elsa, music even helped Einstein with his theories; he would go between his study and his piano to work out problems with theories.

 

8)  Einstein Was a Zionist
Einstein’s first visit to America was marred by disputes between European and American Jews over Zionism. Einstein was Jewish by birth, despite his parents’ household was secular. He held no fondness for religious rituals and faith. In a letter he sent to rabbis in Berlin in 1921, he said he was Jewish in the sense of nationality and origin but not faith.

Starting in 1919 German anti-Semitism increased and German Jews assimilated as much as they could, going so far as converting to Christianity. Rather than doing that, Einstein identified more strongly with his Jewish heritage and held to the Zionist goal of creating a Jewish state in Palestine. He said to Kurt Blumenfeld, the leader of Zionism, that he was an opponent of nationalism as a human being but as a Jew he was a supporter of Zionism from that day forward. Also, he advocated a Jewish university in Jerusalem that lead to the creation of Hebrew University.

Despite his support for Zionism, Einstein advocated a binational state that integrated Jews and Palestinian Arabs. He had strong reservations about the British mandate of Palestine and supported efforts for Jewish-Arab cooperation.

7)  Einstein Renounced His German Citizenship Twice
When Einstein was sixteen, nearing seventeen, he got his father’s permission to renounce his citizenship in the German Kingdom of Württemberg in January of 1896. He did this in order to avoid conscripted military service then he was stateless for five years, though he maintained residence in Switzerland for the entire time. In February of 1901, just over five years after renouncing his German citizenship, he became a Swiss citizen. He maintained that citizenship for the rest of his life however, he also acquired Austria-Hungarian citizenship in 1911. He held that citizenship for just a year and then became a citizen of the German empire again in 1914, just in time for the First World War.

Einstein left Germany for America in 1932 and renounced his German citizenship again in March of 1933. The second time he renounced German citizenship was due to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party. Nazi physicists worked to eliminate so-called “Jewish physics” from Germany’s lexicon. After World War II, he refused several honors Germany tried to give him. He never again associated with Germany; he could not forgive Germans for the Holocaust.

6)  Einstein Was a Civil Rights Advocate
Einstein noticed American racism on one of his first trips to the country and this particularly dismayed him, since he had experienced anti-Semitism in Germany. He strongly objected to racism from the start of living in the country in 1933 and once he settled in Princeton, he began to speak against ethnic discrimination. He also worked with civil rights leaders and organizations of the day, like the NAACP. He invited Marian Anderson, an African-American singer and civil rights proponent who was banned from hotels as well as eating in restaurants, to stay at his home. He delivered the commencement address at Lincoln University in 1946, which was a historically black Pennsylvania college. Also in 1946, a Tennessee race riot happened that involved twenty five black men being arrested for attempted murder. Five hundred state troopers, armed with submachine guns, attacked and destroyed black owned businesses in a four square block area during this riot. Einstein joined Thurgood Marshall, Eleanor Roosevelt and Langston Hughes to try to get justice for the arrested black men; twenty four of them were acquitted. Then he publicly supported Paul Robeson’s American Crusade to End Lynching after two black couples were murdered in Georgia.

5)  Einstein Urged President Roosevelt to Build the Atomic Bomb
Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt on August 2, 1939. In this letter, inspired by Leo Szilard, he told the president that Nazi Germany was trying to purify uranium-235; the uranium could then be used to build an atomic bomb. Germany had split the uranium atom eight months earlier in December of 1938, Einstein would not have spoken up on the matter if not for Szilard and Eugene Wigner contacting him to explain the possibility of Germany building the bomb. In fact, Szilard said later that Einstein stated the possibility of a uranium chain reaction had never occurred to him. The letter wasn’t delivered to President Roosevelt until October of 1939; Alexander Sachs, a friend of the president, hand delivered it.

Einstein, Szilard, and Sachs wrote to President Roosevelt again in March of 1940 because the Briggs Committee, which had been formed in October of 1939 to study uranium chain reactions, moved very slowly. This letter pointed out that Germany had made progress in uranium research and it took more letters as well as the British MAUD report to speed up the building of the first atomic bomb.

4)  Einstein Was a Pacifist
In addition to being a genius, Einstein was a pacifist as well. He stated, “My pacifism is an instinctive feeling, a feeling that possesses me because the murder of men is abhorrent. My attitude is not derived from intellectual theory but is based on my deepest antipathy to every kind of cruelty and hatred”. He went further in another quote, saying: “I am not only a pacifist but a militant pacifist. I am willing to fight for peace. Nothing will end war unless the people themselves refuse to go to war”. This contrasts sharply with his encouragement of President Roosevelt to build the atomic bomb. A July 2005 article in The Guardian discusses letters Einstein wrote to Seiei Shinohara, a German-Japanese translator and philosopher, in which he tried to reconcile his pacifism with his scientific work that led to building the bomb.

A German pacifist wrote a “Manifesto to Europeans” in 1914, challenging World War I and militarism. Einstein was one of only three other people to sign the peace manifesto. He continued to support anti-war movements throughout the war because he believed that war must be abolished and that intellectuals should promote international reconciliation; he continued to speak on the subject even after leaving Germany for America.

3)  Einstein Published Four Papers in 1905, Also Known as His Annus Mirabilis
1905 was the year of Einstein’s great works; it started in March when he submitted a paper to the Annalen der Physik, which was at the time the leading German physics journal. In his first paper he proposed a new way of understanding the properties of light; that it could act as if it was made up of discrete particles of energy, much the way gasses are.

In May, he submitted a second paper to the Annalen der Physik and this one explained brownian motion as being caused by the constant movement of atoms in liquid that held tiny suspended particles. It created a tool for studying atomic motion and enforced the kinetic theory.

In June, he sent the Annalen der Physik a paper on motion and electromagnetism. It presented what would be known as the theory of special relativity, demonstrating compatibility with electromagnetic theory and a new simple analysis of time as well as space.

In September, Einstein showed that a body emitting energy must decrease proportionally in mass. This would become known as mass-energy equivalence or E= mc^2, perhaps the most famous equation in physics.

The Annalen der Physik
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Energy mass equivalence
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2)  Einstein Wasn’t Originally Sure That E= mc^2 Was Correct
Einstein himself wasn’t sure the formula was right but the formula’s basis began well before Einstein synthesized it.

It began with Michael Faraday in the early nineteenth century when he created electromagnets, a new branch of physics, through a series of experiments. Faraday also argued that light was an electromagnetic wave; his friend, James Clark Maxwell, eventually proved that. Also, Maxwell’s formula said that nothing could ever catch up to a beam of light.

Antoine Lavoisier showed that the total mass of an object stayed the same, regardless of the change in its form or shape.

Emilie Du Châtelet proved that the energy of an object equaled its mass times velocity squared.

Einstein’s thought experiments involved riding a beam of light combined with previous discoveries as well as experiments and it eventually led him to the concept of relativity; The faster an object travels, the slower the relative time is. He also discovered that the faster an object goes, the greater its mass. This ultimately led him to the mass-energy equivalence theory in 1905, though he wasn’t certain of its accuracy at first. Einstein double checked his math and this reassured him that he was correct.

1)  Einstein Won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for the Work He Did on Theoretical Physics
The 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Einstein in 1922 for his work in theoretical physics. It was awarded a year late because the 1921 selection committee decided none of that year’s nominees met Alfred Nobel’s criteria therefore, it was awarded the next year.

Einstein specifically received the Nobel Prize “for his services to Theoretical Physics and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”. The photoelectric effect is the effect of light shining on the surface of matter, particularly metal,  that causes electrons to be emitted. He explained it by referring to the quanta or small particles that make up light, which he’d originally proposed in his March 1905 submission to Annalen der Physik. These particles are also known as photons, which carry energy proportional to the light’s frequency. When electrons absorb the energy of photons, they’re ejected from the matter. This helped establish that light can act as both a particle and a wave. The photoelectric effect is crucial to photosynthesis and applies to various modern technologies, such as:  photodiodes.

Conclusion
Albert Einstein rightfully is considered the most influential scientist of the twentieth century. Without him it would have taken far longer to establish concepts like the photoelectric effect, which led to an understanding of photosynthesis and the creation of photodiodes vital to modern communications. He established special and general relativity as physics concepts, among his many other achievements. He still  found time to be a father, to marry twice, avoid monogamy, to travel Europe,  travel to the United States, travel to Asia, to support civil rights, to support a binational Jewish-Arab state, to reject Germany wholesale after World War II and more. While his actions sometimes conflicted with his beliefs and created great challenges to his ethics, he stood by science at all costs. Albert Einstein was a mathematician, physicist, father, civil rights activist, outspoken pacifist and still rightfully influences science students all over the world.

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Predominant qualities are the qualities that comes to your mind when you think of yourself. For example, when we think of Mahatma Gandhi, we get his predominant qualities like non-violence and patriotism. 


For another example, when we think of Mother Teresa, we get her predominant qualities like Love for the poor and help the sick. Like that when we think of a person, we get some qualities first, that are his or her predominant qualities. 


Find your predominant qualities to get know about yourself. Ask this questions to yourself and write down in a diary the predominant qualities you have. Ask the help of your friend to answer this question. Grow in your predominant qualities to become  a successful person. 


Know that everyone is unique. No one has your qualities and you have not the qualities of any other person.

Know Yourself: Ask to Yourself What are My Predominant Qualities?
Live Happily and joyfully.

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But, if you also constantly feel exhausted, experience headaches for no obvious reason or have high blood pressure, you could have a more serious problem.

That’s because these can all be the result of snoring—which is, in turn, the most common symptom of a potentially serious health problem—obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

While most people think of snoring as a minor annoyance, research shows it can be hazardous to your health.  That’s because for over 18 million Americans it’s related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). People who suffer from OSA repeatedly and unknowingly stop breathing during the night due to a complete or partial obstruction of their airway.  It occurs when the jaw, throat, and tongue muscles relax, blocking the airway used to breathe.  The resulting lack of oxygen can last for a minute or longer, and occur hundreds of times each night. 
Thankfully, most people wake when a complete or partial obstruction occurs, but it can leave you feeling completely exhausted.  OSA has also been linked to a host of health problems including:

  • Acid reflux
  • Frequent nighttime urination
  • Memory loss
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Heart attack

People over 35 are at higher risk.

OSA can be expensive to diagnosis and treat, and is not always covered by insurance.  A sleep clinic will require an overnight visit (up to $5,000).  Doctors then analyze the data and prescribe one of several treatments.  These may require you to wear uncomfortable CPAP devices that force air through your nose and mouth while you sleep to keep your airways open, and may even include painful surgery.

Fortunately, there is now a comfortable, far less costly and invasive treatment option available.  A recent case study published by Eastern Virginia Medical School's Division of Sleep Medicine in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine concludes that wearing a simple chinstrap while you sleep can be an effective treatment for OSA.

The chin strap, which is now available from a company called MySnoringSolution, works by supporting the lower jaw and tongue, preventing obstruction of the airway.  It’s made from a high-tech, lightweight, and super-comfortable material.  Thousands of people have used the MySnoringSolution chinstrap to help relieve their snoring symptoms, and they report better sleeping, and better health overall because of it.
An effective snoring solution for just $119
The “My Snoring Solution” Chinstrap is available exclusively from the company’s website which is currently offering a limited time “2 for 1” offer.  The product also comes with a 100 percent satisfaction guarantee.

If you want to stop snoring once and for all, without expensive CPAP devices or other intrusive devices, this may be the solution you’ve been waiting for.  The free additional strap is great for travel or as a gift for a fellow sufferer.

Best of all, this product comes with an unconditional 90-day, money-back guarantee!

Click here to learn more about this special $119 offer from MySnoringSolutions.

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Who am I?

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The basic question, one has to ask to himself is who am I? If you are able to find answer for this question , you can live your life greatly? Basic confirmation of yourself is brought by the answer of this question. When you understand yourself better, you can understand the world better. one who does know himself fully, can not know the world fully. So understand and know yourself fully first.

 

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Correct timing to drink water, 
will maximize its effectiveness on the Human body. 
Two (02) glass of water - After waking up - Helps activate internal organs 
One (01) glasses of water - 30 minutes before meal - Help digestion 
One (01) glass of water - Before taking a bath - Helps lower blood pressure 
One (01) glass of water - Before sleep - To avoid stroke or heart attack... 


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Correct Times to Drink Water (to Maximize Effectiveness on Human Body)

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What is my call or why am I in this world?

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we have a motto for whatever we do. If don’t have a motto, then we can’t complete the action fully. Motto helps us to accomplish the action fast and give joy at the end. To live our life joyfully, successfully and meaningfully, we have to motto for our life. To find our motto, we have raise the question, What is my call (motto) or in other words, why am I in this world? Try this and live your life fully, successfully and meaningfully.

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